State type
Type of government
República Federal
Administrative Division

National Level

Gobierno Federal

Intermediate/Regional Level

Provincias 23

Ciudad Autónoma 1

Local Level

Municipios 2284

Official names of subnational and local governments



Comisiones municipales, Comisiones rurales, Comisiones de fomento

Juntas vecinales

Juntas de gobierno autónomas

Comisionado municipal

Delegaciones comunales


National Urban Policy

  • National Urban Policies (NUP) are tools that allows nation states to guide the urbanization process. They are guiding instruments that establishes a clear and coordinated vision of the directions that public policies should take with regard to the territorial development of cities, enabling greater and stronger vertical and horizontal coordination. For the Republic of Argentina, the NUP represents an opportunity to lay the foundations for the elaboration of an urban development plan coordinated at the national level, and which includes contributions from provincial and municipal levels and from various entities of the public and private sector.

    (p. 14, párr. 3)

    National urban policy type:
    Policy temporality:
  • Argentina is a Federal Republic made up of two sub-national levels of government: The Provinces and the Municipalities. The Provinces, by constitutional mandate, have full autonomy to define their municipal regime through their Constitution and the Municipal Organic Law. The provincial authorities can create indirect taxes or delegate this power to the municipalities, which generally charge fees and contributions for their municipal treasury.

    Among the main sources of the subnational government’s resources are the transfers by Federal Co-participation of the country's income, as well as the collection of various municipal taxes. As a complement, new regulatory frameworks have been established to promote Public-Private Partnerships, as well as a consecration of cooperation from international funds. Local governments also have access to credit operations as an alternative source for financing urban development projects. 

  • According to the OECD, Argentina is one of the most decentralized countries in the Latin American region. Subnational governments are highly involved in the design and implementation of public policies and provision of public services. The powers assigned to local governments and municipalities vary from province to province and depends on each provincial constitution, but generally municipalities are responsible for urban planning, land zoning, maintenance of urban infrastructure, and public transport and the regulation of public roads.