Disparities in territorial development are an aspect to consider to improve the distribution of opportunities and benefits in urbanization processes. Given the global trends of economic growth in cities and towns, urban areas tend to monopolize most resources, both local and foreign, public and private.
This situation may lead to adverse effects on universal access to resources, services, opportunities and affect the equitable distribution of economic benefits and other benefits in urbanization processes. For this reason, maintaining a balance between rural and urban areas is a vital objective for sustainable development that tries to leave no one behind. It is crucial to identify the causes of disparities through adequate spatial planning that includes appropriate land uses.